Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrollees, 2001-2002

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Ministry of Health, National Aids Control Programme , [Dar es Salaam]
AIDS (Disease) -- Tanzania., Health surveys -- Tanz

Places

Tanz

Statementthe United Republic of Tanzania, Ministry of Health, Tanzania Mainland, National Aids Control Programme.
ContributionsNational AIDS Control Programme (Tanzania)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRA643.86.T34 S87 2002
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 21 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3737626M
LC Control Number2003405589

Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrolees – United Republic of Tanzania. Demographic and Health Survey United Republic of Tanzania. Ministry of Health. National STD Treatment Guidelines. Dean AG. Epi Info™ and Epi Map: Current status and plans for Epi Info™ J Pub Health Management Cited by:   HIV data of the ANC surveillance studies conducted in / and / National AIDS Control Programme.

Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrolees. – Google Scholar. United Republic of Tanzania. Demographic and Health Survey Google Scholar.

by: 1. Author(s): National AIDS Control Programme (Tanzania) Title(s): Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrollees. Publication Start Year: uuuu Publication End Year: Country of Publication: Tanzania Publisher: [Dar es Salaam]: United Republic of Tanzania, Ministry of Health, Tanzania mainland, National Aids Control Programme Language: English LCCN:.

attending public sector antenatal clinics and • Describe HIV and syphilis trends in terms of time, place (province) and age among pregnant women. METHODOLOGY Study Design An anonymous, unlinked survey was conducted among pregnant women attending antenatal care at selected participating sites in all nine provinces in the country.

The. The occurrence of HIV-1 and syphilis infections during pregnancy poses major health risks to the foetus due to mother-to-child transmission.

We conducted surveillance of HIV and syphilis infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) in Mainland Tanzania in Cited by: This document is written for national HIV surveillance programme staff responsible for monitoring trends in country HIV epidemics.

Its purpose is to describe how routine prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme data can be used to conduct HIV surveillance among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC).

In many resource-limited countries with generalized HIV epidemics, defined as HIV prevalence greater than 1% among pregnant women, 1 HIV sentinel surveillance is conducted in antenatal clinics (ANCs). About 70% (range %) of women in resource-limited countries make at least 1 ANC visit during pregnancy.

2 ANC sentinel surveillance has been used widely for more than. 5 (improve maternal health), and 6 (combat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), malaria, and other diseases).

Surveillance, monitoring, and evaluation are together considered one of the four critical pillars of efforts to eliminate congenital syphilis. Information Note on the Use of Dual HIV/Syphilis Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT) 2 1 Figure 1: WHO recommended HIV testing strategy for high prevalence settings (above 5%) Dual HIV/syphilis RDT Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrollees be selected and validated as Assay 1 of these testing strategies.

See Figures 1 and 2. For the syphilis component, among pregnant women. HIV Surveillance Special Reports are based on data from CDC’s National HIV 2001-2002 book Surveillance (NHBS) and Medical Monitoring Project (MMP). NHBS conducts behavioral surveillance among people at high risk for HIV infection.

MMP is a surveillance system designed to learn more about the experiences and needs of people with HIV. Tanzania HIV and Syphilis Serosurveillance Survey Tanzania HIV and Syphilis Serosurveillance Among Antenatal Clinic Enrollees Survey: Health facility.

During, women booked for antenatal care; were HBsAg positive (about ten in ), were HIV positive (five in 1,), tested positive for syphilis (four in ), and 3, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care, syphilis control is seldom centralized and often falls within the responsibilities, but outside the priorities, of HIV programmes or antenatal care.

Advocacy, policy imple-mentation and resource allocation for syphilis testing and treatment are often deficient, particularly in countries with. The occurrence of HIV-1 and syphilis infections during pregnancy poses major health risks to the foetus due to mother-to-child transmission.

We conducted surveillance of HIV and syphilis infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) in Mainland Tanzania in This surveillance was carried out in ANCs selected from 21 regions in Tanzania.

Details Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrollees, 2001-2002 PDF

Routine HIV screening rates in STD clinics range from 30% to 99% (median ϭ 58%). 10 HIV screening rates among other at-risk groups were reported as follows: Ͻ25% in Medicaid patients, 11 32% to. Dual test for syphilis and HIV.

A simple, proven, and inexpensive dual test for syphilis and HIV, combined with a web-linked hand-held optical reading device, could improve the quality, acceptability, and uptake of testing and treatment in rural areas to accelerate elimination of MTCT of syphilis and HIV.

The results of this survey among national public health experts indicate that limited access to antenatal care services, combined with low testing uptake among pregnant women in certain subpopulations, often leads to low screening coverage for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility, especially in vulnerable groups.

Overview. This document is written for national HIV surveillance programme staff responsible for monitoring trends in country HIV epidemics. Its purpose is to describe how routine prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme data can be used to conduct HIV surveillance among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC).

High prevalence of HIV, syphilis and HCV among key populations and partners: results from an integrated multiple diseases testing led by community in Viet Nam Van Thi Thuy Nguyen 1, Le Ai Kim Anh 2, Nguyen Quang Thong 3, Truong Binh Minh 2, Pham Nguyen Anh Thu 3, Duong CongThanh 4, Vo Hai Son 5, Rachel Baggaley 6, Cheryl Johnson 7.

Description Surveillance of HIV and syphilis among antenatal clinic enrollees, 2001-2002 PDF

Prevalence of HIV and syphilis co-infection. According to the results of HIV and syphilis tests, there were 70 participants in the co-infected group, in the mono-infected group (59 with HIV only and 89 with syphilis only) and in the non-infected group, indicating that the prevalence of HIV, syphilis and their co-infection among the study participants was % (/), % (/ After a decade of unprecedented declines, incidence of early-stage syphilis in the United States and Europe has increased significantly since These cases have occurred at disproportionately elevated rates among people infected with HIV.

Speculation continues as to whether the clinical spectrum of syphilis is qualitatively different among those individuals who are HIV infected. 1.

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Background. Inmillion pregnant women were estimated to be infected with syphilis worldwide, resulting in more than adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly in low-resourcethere were more than million pregnant women with HIV in low- and middle-income countries, with an estimated children newly infected with HIV.

The aim of study was to assess the magnitude of HIV and syphilis seroprevalence among pregnant women at University of Gondar Teaching Hospital.

The study was. Development of technical guidance and tools for HIV recent -infection surveillance among persons with newly diagnosed HIV infection.

Working with PEPFAR -supported countries in planning, implementation, and data use of recent -infection surveillance activities. At the end ofapproximately % of the adult Zambian population was infected with HIV; 18 up to 30% of antenatal attendees were HIV-seropositive in the urban antenatal clinics.

19 In women aged 20 to 24 years, the Lusaka Urban District Clinic syphilis prevalence ranged from % to % by RPR testing, with confirmation by the. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.

Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. However, HIV prevalence estimates based on pregnant women may be affected by biases, which can lead to overestimation of HIV prevalence among the general population.

3 4 Pregnant women are an imprecise proxy for the general population if pregnancy occurs more frequently at younger ages, and among rural, poorer women.

Pregnant women are sexually. This monograph reports on updated syphilis surveillance guidelines for use in improving and developing syphilis surveillance techniques and making collection and reporting of syphilis surveillance data more uniform. The monograph discusses the purposes and uses of the two main components of syphilis surveillance: case reporting and prevalence monitoring.

The main purpose of surveillance based on women attending antenatal clinics is to assess trends in HIV prevalence over time. However, because other data sources are lacking, antenatal clinic surveillance has also been used to estimate the population levels of HIV.

HIV surveillance in antenatal clinics has been implemented in more than countries. This report is part of an ECDC project on the effectiveness of antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA.

A draft of this report has been reviewed by Andrew J. Amato-Gauci, Anastasia. The use of condoms at first sexual encounter was low (15%) among women. There was a reported high antenatal clinic attendance (95%) and knowledge of family planning (98%) among females.

However only ten percent women and five percent of men reported ever having been tested for HIV. Expected results: The results of the study will be used in the design of strategies of policies/national o local guidelines or even screening antenatal programs for HIV and syphilis, the development of the best practice to the adoption of the rapid test for HIV and Syphilis.

A screening programme for pregnant women has been in place since the s in the Netherlands. In universal HIV screening according to opting out was implemented. Here, we describe the evaluation of the effectiveness of antenatal screening in the Netherlands for for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and syphilis in preventing mother-to-child transmission, by using various .